Granite headstone and memorial monument terminology.



Die- The is the top or main part of the monument Base the bottom part of a 2 piece monument, the piece that sits under the die.

Markers, Grass markers, Flat marker, Grave markers- A memorial that lies flat on the ground usually made of granite of bronze.

Monolith - A headstone without a base.

Serpentine - A raised curved surface on the top headstone.

Frosted Panel - Used for making letter boxes on the headstone , this is the removal of the high polish done by sand-blasting.

Polished or P - A high glossed finish, when followed by a number 1 ,2,3,4 or 5 refers to the number of sides that are polished .

Gothic - A convex top rounded up to a peak in the center.

Oval top - A partially curved headstone at the top

Apex Top headstone -The top of a die slopes up to a point from the four sides.

Rock Pitched back or sides - Rough cut surfaces on the headstone or base. Saw cut - Edges of usually grave markers or the backs of headstones that are straight cut and not polished.

Shaped Carving -Deep or rounded carving usually by either a double sandblast technique or hand carving.

Roof Top / Ridge Top Monuments -Slope up from front and the back to a peak at the center top.

Flat top -Top of monument is cut square and flat.

Two way cut - The two sides of the top of the headstone peak at the center.

Steeled - A smooth but not highly polished surface usually on the base.

Ledger or Slab -A flat grave marker placed full length on the ground, which generally covers the entire grave.

Axed - A surface of the headstone or base configured a bush hammer to a rough cut.



Flat carving - A shallow sandblasting of the stone to produce a engraved designs.

Shaped Carving -Deep or rounded carving usually by either a double sandblast technique or hand carving.

Rock Pitched back or sides - Rough cut surfaces on the headstone or base.

Ledger or Slab -A flat grave marker placed full length on the ground, which generally covers the entire grave.

Front Nosing on a slant markers- the facing on the front bottom of the marker.



Western slant - The front face of the slant marker goes straight to down the entire face.







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